Earth-Moon System to Scale

The illustration below shows the Earth-Moon system to scale, with the same scale used for size and distance. I’ve seen a physical model of this once, with the Earth and the Moon in opposite corners of a room, and found it striking how far away (relative to its size) the Moon is from the Earth.

Earth-Moon system to scaleEarth-Moon system to scale

The diameter of the Earth is 12742 km, while the diameter of the Moon is 3475 km. So, to draw the Earth-Moon system to scale on a screen, there have to be 3.67 “Earth”-pixels for each “Moon”-pixel. This ratio of 3.67 is actually quite small compared to the ratio of the sizes of other planets and their moons in our solar system. In other words, the Earth has a large moon. The (average) distance between both is 384400 km. This distance translates into 111 “Moon”-pixels between (the center of) both objects.

Showing the Sun-Earth system to scale in the same way is not reasonably possible on this page. The diameter of the Sun is 1391000 km. Hence, there have to be 109 “Sun”-pixels for each “Earth”-pixel, which is manageable. However, since the distance to the Sun is 149597900 km, the distance between the Earth and the Sun to the same scale would be 11741 “Earth”-pixels.

The enormous size of the Sun becomes apparent in the following illustration, which shows the Sun with the Earth-Moon system to the same scale (all sizes and the distance between the Earth and the Moon). Drawn with the Earth in its center, the Sun is so large that it extends beyond the orbit of the Moon.

Sun, Earth, and Moon, all to scale [Sun photo: Thomas Bresson]Sun, Earth, and Moon, all to scale [Sun photo: Thomas Bresson]

I’ve written a practical follow-up article on the Earth-Moon system, which uses a basketball and a tennis ball to represent the Earth and the Moon. You can find more numbers on the Solar System on NASA’s Solar System Exploration site.


vivek monteiro (not verified)

Thu, 03/20/2014 - 05:51

Do take a look at our daytime astronomy website and also at There is an interesting discussion on the 'nano solar system' in the section on resources. Basically, what happens when we scale down by 10^9. It's a very popular exhibit and activity with kids here in India.


Thu, 03/20/2014 - 08:52

In reply to by vivek monteiro (not verified)

Hello Vivek,
I normally don't allow promotional comments, but I'll make an exception since you seem to have a very nice thing going! I am a member of the Urania (in Dutch) public observatory, where we try to do similar things, including with kids and in schools. Consider something like I show in the article Earth-Moon System Scale Model for one of your events. And then send me a photo! :-)

DCR (not verified)

Mon, 10/13/2014 - 20:09

In the comment below, first sentence of the second paragraph, Earth and Moon should be reversed. As written it states that the moon is 3.67 times the diameter of earth.
"each “Earth”-pixel has to correspond to 3.67 “Moon”-pixels"
should be written as
"each “Moon”-pixel has to correspond to 3.67 “Earth”-pixels"

Thanks for pointing this out, it was indeed a mistake to put it like that. I've corrected it by rephrasing the sentence.

Tomas Telensky (not verified)

Thu, 05/10/2018 - 23:04

Hi Tom!
Excellent, thank you for this! Just a note: you wrote "to draw the Earth-Moon system to scale on a screen, there have to be 3.67 Earth-pixels for each Moon-pixel". This is very misleading, since this is length ratio, whereas "number of pixels on screen" is an area unit. So, the ratio of number of pixels that both objects take would actually be a square of the length ratio: 3.67 * 3.67 = 13.47. So, to avoid confusion it's better to speak not of the pixels, but for example "size ratio".

Anyway, thanks for this excellent work! Before I googled your site I was already very surprised by the ratio, how big the distance is compared to the size of Earth... and this web confirms by beautiful picture. Thanks!!


Gabriel (not verified)

Sun, 10/29/2023 - 13:40

The Moon is pretty close. 9.5 times the circumference of the Earth. Half of what you *walk* in a lifetime. Many people have already traveled that distance since they were born.

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Submitted on 13 April 2013