The Hubble eXtreme Deep Field

Figure 1. The Hubble eXtreme Deep Field (XDF).

This image is the Hubble eXtreme Deep Field (XDF). It was created by combining many images taken between 2002 and 2012 by the Hubble Space Telescope. The total exposure time was 22.5 days (almost 2 million seconds), and the image contains… read more


Submitted on 8 June 2015

Are there Infinitely Many Twin Primes?

Recently, there has been much progress towards proving the twin prime conjecture, one of the great open questions in number theory. There are infinitely many primes, a fact that was already known by the ancient Greek. A short proof, although not the… read more

Submitted on 25 May 2015

If You See a Fireball, Please Report It

Figure 2. Sightings of a single fireball that appeared on 2015-03-15.

If you have ever seen a fireball, which is an unusually bright meteor (or shooting star), then you know that they can be very impressive. But did you also know that reporting your observation can help to further science? Fireballs, and meteors in general, are like… read more

Submitted on 21 March 2015

Why Clipping Should Be Avoided

Figure 2. Clipped sine.

Before you can digitally process an analog (i.e., real-world) signal, you have to convert it to a digital form by sampling it. A very important aspect of this conversion is that you should avoid clipping the original signal. Clipping happens when… read more

Submitted on 16 February 2015

New Horizons

Figure 1. New Horizons at Pluto [image: JHUAPL/SwRI].

After mentioning Rosetta in June, there is another deep space mission that I want to bring to your attention. The final preparations for the flyby of Pluto by the New Horizons spacecraft have started. New Horizons will be… read more


Submitted on 14 December 2014


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