Signal Processing

The Moving Average as a Filter

Figure 1. Smoothing with a moving average filter.

The moving average is often used for smoothing data in the presence of noise. The simple moving average is not always recognized as the Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filter that it is, while it is actually one of the most common filters in signal processing. Treating it as a filter allows… read more

Submitted on 4 December 2015

Why Clipping Should Be Avoided

Figure 2. Clipped sine.

Before you can digitally process an analog (i.e., real-world) signal, you have to convert it to a digital form by sampling it. A very important aspect of this conversion is that you should avoid clipping the original signal. Clipping happens when… read more

Submitted on 16 February 2015

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